Всемирная организация борьбы против расовой ненависти и нужды (г. Вена)
- Weltorganisation gegen Rassenhass and Menschcnnot (Wien); World Organization Against Racial Hatred and Poverty (Vienna)
- Vsemirnaia organizatsiia bor 'by protiv rasovoi nenavisti i nuzhdy (g. Vena)
The World Organization against Racism and Poverty was founded in October 1933 by Irene Harand, an Austrian Catholic housewife. On the eve of the Austrian Anschluss in March 1938, its supporters numbered 40,000 (of whom only 3,500 were Jews) with branches in 27 countries. From January 1934 through March 1938, the organization, also known as Harand-Bewegung (the Harand Movement), published the weekly newspaper Gerechtigkeit, with a circulation (in 1936) of 20,000 copies. As a Christian, Harand saw the point of her struggle against antisemitism not so much that of defending Jewish interests, but rather of "keeping Christians from turning into animals." In 1969, Yad Vashem bestowed upon her the title of Righteous among the Nations.
The collection's contents are catalogued in two inventories. The inventories are arranged by document type. The collection contains bylaws, memoranda, platforms, minutes, instructions, and appeals of the World Organization; biographical information on the organization's leader, Irene Harand; applications to join the organization; correspondence with subscribers to the newspaper Gerechtigkeit (by country); lists of subscribers to the newspaper Gerechtigkeit; correspondence on providing aid to the Jewish population of Vienna; letters of invitation to Harand; proposals for publication in the newspaper Gerechtigkeit; orders for journals and books; articles on the situation of Jews; a card file of members of the World Organization against Racial Hatred and Poverty; membership cards; leaflets; and photographs of Organization members.
Nazi-Looted Jewish Archives in Moscow. A guide to Jewish Historical and Cultural Collections in the Russian State Military Archive, ed. by D. E. Fishman, M. Kupovetsky, V. Kuzelenkov, Scranton - London 2010.
Microfilms are held by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives.
Entry selected by Krzysztof Tyszka from the book “Nazi-Looted Jewish Archives in Moscow. A guide to Jewish Historical and Cultural Collections in the Russian State Military Archive”, ed. by D. E. Fishman, M. Kupovetsky, V. Kuzelenkov
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